In the community

Key Stakeholder Issues

In 2010 and 2011, the significant issues raised by stakeholders focused on mine expansion and resettlement, indigenous peoples’ land rights, operational impacts, and communities’ interests associated with educational and economic opportunities. The table below outlines the top concerns by site and the ways in which we responded.

Corporate Office

Key Stakeholders: Investors

Class Action Lawsuit In February and March 2012, lawsuits seeking class action status were filed in U.S. federal court in New York and in the Province of Ontario, respectively, claiming that Kinross made “materially false and misleading statements" and failed to make timely disclosure of information relating to the Company’s Tasiast mine in advance of a Company news release on January 16, 2012. It is not uncommon for class action litigation of this nature to be brought against a company following a period of volatility in its share price, which in this case occurred following the Company’s January 16, 2012 news release. Kinross believes that the allegations that have been made are without merit, and plans to vigorously oppose and defend against these lawsuits and any further litigation that may result.

South America

Paracatu, Brazil (Portuguese)

Key Stakeholders: Neighbouring communities, including the Quilombola community

Historic Quilombola land claim and construction of a new tailings dam As descendants of slaves with distinct culture and traditions, Quilombolas are given special recognition and protection under Brazilian law. Legislation in Brazil requires the government to grant title to the Quilombola people who either still occupy their traditional lands or who are found, through a process administered by the Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria (INCRA), to have rights to certain lands. An INCRA report issued in 2009 concluded that local Quilombola communities have historic rights to land in the Paracatu area, a portion of which would be affected by the new Eustaquio tailings dam. No Quilombolas are living in the area affected by the new dam. Several iterations of compensation arrangements have been considered; as a condition of the Operating Licence for the new dam, approved in November 2011, the Company was required to develop a social investment plan for the affected communities. The proposed social investment plan was presented by the Company in 2012, and is now under consideration by the communities. The proposal and land compensation arrangements will be the subject of future discussions.
at Paracatu
During a period of seven months in 2011, there were several incidents of illegal trespass, on the Paracatu property to attempt to recover gold from the tailings dam. These incidents led to enhanced surveillance and security measures by the Kinross Security Team and the arrest of six trespassers by local police and seizure of various materials used in the practice of illegal mining.

Kinross supports the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights and has implemented an extensive Human Rights Adherence and Verification Program. All actions taken by security personnel at Paracatu have been conducted in accordance with the Kinorss Global Security Standardization Program.
Dust, noise, and vibration at Paracatu In our 2009 CR Report, we reported on several initiatives that were underway to address neighbourhood concerns regarding dust, noise, and vibration from pit operations in Paracatu. See Mining in Close Proximity to the Community at Paracatu for an update on the status of those efforts.

Maricunga, Chile (Spanish)

Key Stakeholders: Rural and urban indigenous Colla community, neighbouring community of Tierra Amarilla

Traffic, dust and noise on the public access road adjacent to Colla of Rio Jorquera land Kinross and other mining companies use a dirt public road to access mines in the area. This road crosses through areas of the Rio Jorquera Colla Community, and traffic, dust and noise issues pertaining to the access road are ongoing. Over the past 18 months, Kinross has made a significant investment in the dust control and safety upgrades on the portion the road leading to the Maricunga mine. This work was carried out as part of an agreement with the Colla and was inaugurated in 2012. For the common portion of the road used by several companies, an arrangement was negotiated whereby the companies would purchase dust control materials, and the government road agency would maintain the road. Although the companies did purchase the required dust control agents, the government has made only minor repairs to date.
Property rights and Colla of Rio Jorquera land In response to a study of impacts by a mutually agreed to third-party consultation, Kinross has proposed a package of short-term compensation and long-term investment in social and environmental programs to the Rio Jorquera community. The Rio Jorquera community has not responded to the proposal, which was presented to the leaders of the community in December 2011.

Lobo-Marte, Chile (Spanish)

Key Stakeholders: Local indigenous Communities, governments

Stakeholder engagement in permitting process In 2008, Chile ratified ILO Convention No. 169, and it came into full effect in September 2009. ILO 169 deals with the responsibility of governments to consult with indigenous peoples regarding decisions that may affect the indigenous communities. Although this does not directly establish a requirement for companies, Kinross met with the neighbouring indigenous communities to discuss the project and outline the permitting schedule. Based on those meetings, one community (Pai-Ote) requested that Kinross sign a pre-consultation agreement in the spirit of ILO 169; the other three deferred to the formal consultation process conducted as part of the formal permitting process. Also, as part of the baseline collection process, Kinross worked with the communities to conduct an “ethno-mapping study” to identify areas of special interest and historic use. Based on those consultations, Kinross was able to design the project in a way that avoids impact to areas identified as sensitive by the indigenous communities. When the formal government-managed consultation process began, special consultation meetings were held in the indigenous communities. Several of the communities have submitted comments, and these are being accounted for in the various iterations of the review (see Road Use below). Through this process, the indigenous communities have the opportunity to achieve real influence on those aspects of the project that may affect them. The process is ongoing.
Road Use Two roads lead to the Lobo-Marte project site. The La Puerta road is a shorter distance to the site, but passes by several homes of the local Colla communities. The international road is a longer driving distance to the proposed mine site but the road conditions are favourable. During the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process, public comments were received expressing concerns about potential impacts associated with using the La Puerta road, including dust arising from road use as well as impact on lifestyle. As part of the feasibility study, the project team is reviewing the two options for transportation to and from Lobo-Marte.

Fruta Del Norte, Ecuador (Spanish)

Key Stakeholders: Local communities, government, businesses, indigenous peoples

Legislated requirement for local governments to create a development plan The development plan for Fruta del Norte (FDN) and for the Los Encuentros Parish identifies community needs and provides the basis for identifying and prioritizing projects, which will be funded largely by future mining royalties from the project. Kinross initiated a systematic approach to engagement to support the preparation of the FDN development plan and land use with the Los Encuentros Parish Council, the local governmental body on which all community leaders sit. We provided funds for a consultant to assist in creating the development plan, co-ordination with the national government’s planning secretariat, and publication of the Plan’s executive summary in book format for delivery to all local communities.
Artisanal mining on Kinross concessions Artisanal mining and small-scale mining (ASM) has existed for decades in the area near FDN and is still a common and important economic activity for the province, and associations and guilds of ASM are important stakeholders. Kinross policy has been that formalization of ASM on its concessions is in the interests of all parties, and has worked to make this a reality. For more information, see Case Study 8: Formalizing Artisanal Mining at Fruta del Norte.

In addition to working with the ASM operators themselves, Kinross has engaged with the local communities to help develop a mutual understanding of the potential effect development of the FDN deposit will have for local communities. By working with local authorities and stakeholders in a way that supports and aligns with existing cultural, governmental, and community institutions, we have established co-operative relationships that have led to improvements in access to education, job opportunities, and development of business opportunities in areas outside of the mining industry. 
Engagement with Shuar Indigenous Peoples In 2009, we signed a Co-operation Agreement with the Shuar Federation of Zamora Chinchipe. The agreement aims to improve the quality of life of people in the region, including strengthened internal capacity of the Shuar communities, investment in community infrastructure projects and economic development activities, and support for traditional cultural and sporting events. See the Case Study 7: Working with the Shuar Nation for more details.


Kupol and Dvoinoye (Russian)

Key Stakeholders: Chukotka communities, indigenous peoples, governments

Economic benefits, notably employment and training In consultation with key stakeholders, we provide a broad range of benefits to the region, including investments in education through universities and technology schools; ongoing certified professional training at Kupol; and, community support through the Kupol Foundation. In 2011, we sponsored the development of a White Paper to support investment in Russia. See Case Study 2: Encouraging Mining Investment in Russia

North America

Kettle River-Buckhorn

Key Stakeholders: Communities, governments, businesses, special interest groups

Water quality Water quality remains an ongoing area of focus for regulators, community stakeholders and for the Kettle River-Buckhorn mine.

Achieving compliance at the mine requires a dedicated effort to maintain the high water quality standards in a natural environment characterized by complex hydrology and an extensive number of site permits and regulatory requirements. To learn more about the efforts to address water quality issues, please read Maintaining Water Quality at Kettle River-Buckhorn in the Environment section of this report.

Round Mountain

Key Stakeholders: Communities, indigenous peoples, governments

Proximity to old town of Round Mountain The Fairview area of the pit is in close proximity of the old town of Round Mountain. When a blast is scheduled in the Fairview area, the Round Mountain mine notifies the concerned residents by telephone so they know what to expect, and to keep a line of communication open. The mine communicates the size and the time of the blast and answers any questions the concerned residents may have. 

Noise and vibration of the shots are reduced throughout the pit by using electronic detonators. Seismographs are also used to measure the vibration and noise a shot produces. Every six to eight weeks, a representative from the mine will visit concerned residents throughout the duration of a shot to gain first-hand experience of what the residents are feeling. There are several more residents at the old town of Round Mountain; however, they have not voiced any concerns.

West Africa

Chirano, Ghana

Key Stakeholders: Communities, governments

Agricultural compensation From 2003 to 2005, Chirano Gold Mining Company provided fair monetary compensation to farmers operating in areas that would be needed for construction of the mining and processing facilities. Compensation payments were higher than standard crop evaluation methods, and were accepted by the affected farmers. Since that time, a group of farmers has challenged the level of compensation received. In early 2012, the Land Valuation Board presented its findings to the farmers and to the mine. The Chirano mine is committed to working with the parties involved to better understand the basis of the Board’s calculation and, in the interests of resolving the issue, will be providing a formal response to the Land Valuation Board’s recommendation.
Employment Local employment is a priority for the mine. To help ensure fair access and enhance transparency regarding employment opportunities, our human resources and community relations teams are working together with the local chiefs to support local recruitment for unskilled positions. Clear hiring procedures have been developed with the community and include measures such as ad placement in the local community for all jobs available and skills development. We recently launched a group training program for 50 people to provide skills training and apprenticeships for surface and underground mine positions, truck operators and contractors.

Tasiast, Mauritania

Key Stakeholders: Communities, governments, local chiefs and elected authorities

Hiring practices, high youth unemployment, need for skills training Kinross has instituted hiring procedures that are fair and transparent and that give first priority to Mauritanians with the proper experience and qualifications. We are developing a “Mauritanization Plan” to progressively increase the number of Mauritanians employed by investing in training programs – from basic academic and literary upgrading to technical training, to support for new institutions (including a $10 million commitment over three years to help establish a new mining school to train in-country professionals and technical experts). To learn more, see Case Study 4: Developing a Skilled Workforce in Mauritania.
Establishing effective channels for stakeholder engagement at a remote location A fundamental task for Kinross has been to build an inclusive, comprehensive and effective strategy for stakeholder engagement of local communities at Tasiast. Kinross has developed a stakeholder engagement plan, including increased communication meetings with stakeholders. Key objectives have been to help communities build a basic understanding of the Tasiast mining operation, to address concerns regarding potential environmental and health impacts, and to build our understanding of the local setting and to build trust.

Relocation of 14 families at Paracatu

At the end of 2009, in order to bridge the time needed to complete permitting and construction of the new Eustaquio tailings dam at Paracatu, Kinross began to raise the elevation of the embankment of the Santo Antonio tailings dam at Paracatu to allow it to receive more tailings material from the processing plant. Raising the Santo Antonio dam required the collection of construction material from neighbouring areas in the vicinity of the dam. The Company realized that this activity would result in increased noise, dust, and truck traffic, and would likely cause discomfort to certain residents of the neighbouring community of Santa Rita.

Kinross determined that the best solution was to relocate the affected residents. The Company conducted a survey of the area and identified six properties and 14 family groups who would be adversely affected by the construction activity, with the objective of relocating each family to another area. In 2010, Kinross began the process of negotiating with each of the affected families on acceptable terms for relocation. The negotiations were conducted according to IFC. As a first step, we agreed on the criteria for determining the value of the properties, the procedures for defining the options for relocation, and the method for implementing the relocation. The goal in every case was to offer the residents improved living conditions, and, through a negotiation process, to arrive at a mutually agreed-on location for the new home.

All 14 family groups who were exposed to the impacts of the Santa Antonio dam works accepted the relocation offer, and by the end of 2011, all were living in their new houses. The Company conducted follow-up visits to the families in the spring of 2012, and found that the majority of the families reported that they were satisfied with their new homes, and in many cases, viewed them as providing a significant improvement in the quality of life over their previous living arrangements.

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Paracatu, Brasil

Temas Relevantes Junto às Partes Interessadas: Comunidades vizinhas, incluindo a Comunidade Quilombola

Reivindicação histórica de terras quilombolas e construção de uma nova barragem de rejeitos Descendentes de escravos, com cultura e tradições distintas, os quilombolas recebem reconhecimento e proteção especial na legislação brasileira. Esta última exige do governo a concessão de título às populações quilombolas que ainda ocupam as suas terras tradicionais ou que sejam consideradas, através de processo administrado pelo Instituto Nacional de Colonização e Reforma Agrária (INCRA), como tendo direito à determinada terra. Um relatório emitido pelo INCRA em 2009 concluiu que as comunidades quilombolas locais têm direitos históricos à terra na área de Paracatu, uma parte da qual seria afetada pela nova barragem de rejeitos Eustáquio. Não existem quilombolas vivendo na área afetada pela nova barragem. Vários acordos compensatórios têm sido considerados. Como condição para obter a Licença de Operação da nova barragem, aprovada em novembro de 2011, a Companhia desenvolveu um plano de investimento social para as comunidades afetadas. O plano foi submetido pela Companhia em 2012, e encontra-se no momento sob a consideração das comunidades e Fundação Palmares . Esta proposta e também os acordos de compensação de terras serão tema de discussões futuras.
Invasores em Paracatu Durante um período de sete meses em 2011, ocorreram vários incidentes de invasão ilegal na propriedade de Paracatu, na tentativa de recuperar ouro da barragem de rejeitos. Tais incidentes levaram a equipe de segurança da Kinross a reforçar a vigilância e outras medidas de segurança, à prisão de seis invasores pela polícia local e à apreensão de diversos materiais utilizados na prática da mineração ilegal. A Kinross apoia os Princípios Voluntários de Segurança e Direitos Humanos e tem implementado um extenso Programa de Adesão e Verificação de Direitos Humanos. Todas as ações da equipe de segurança em Paracatu têm se pautado pelo disposto no Programa Global de Padronização de Segurança da Kinross.
Poeira, ruído e vibração em Paracatu Em nosso Relatório de RC de 2009, informamos sobre as várias iniciativas em andamento no sentido de lidar com preocupações da vizinhança quanto à poeira, ruído e vibração procedentes das operações da mina de Paracatu. Veja 'Mineração nas Proximidades da Comunidade em Paracatu' para se atualizar com relação a estes esforços.

Fruta Del Norte, Ecuador

Puntos de Destaque con las Partes Interesadas: Comunidades Locales, Gobierno, Asuntos Empresariales, Pueblos Indígenas.

Ley de Creación de Planes de Desarrollo por los Gobiernos locales El Plan de Desarrollo de de la Parroquia Los Encuentros identifica las necesidades de la comunidad y proporciona las bases para identificar y priorizar los proyectos que, en gran parte serán financiados por las futuras regalías mineras generadas por el proyecto. Kinross ha dado inicio a un enfoque sistemático para apoyar el compromiso adquirido en el Plan de Desarrollo comunitario y compensación social de FDN y el Plan de Desarrollo y ordenamiento territorial de la Junta Parroquial de Los Encuentros Hemos proporcionado los fondos para cubrir los costos de un consultor para asistirlos en la creación del Plan de Desarrollo, coordinándolo con la Secretaría Nacional de Planificación del Gobierno del Ecuador. Se publico un resumen ejecutivo en forma de libro para ser distribuido en todas las comunidades locales.
Minería Artesanal dentro de las concesiones de Kinross La minería artesanal y la minería a pequeña escala (MAAPE) han existido por décadas en las áreas cercanas a FDN y aun continúan siendo una actividad económica común e importante para la provincia. Las asociaciones y gremios de MAAPE son partes interesadas importantes en la zona. La política de Kinross ha sido una de diálogo con el fin de formalizar la MAAPE en sus concesiones y lograr un acuerdo mutuamente beneficioso para todas las partes y ha trabajado en forma exhaustiva para hacer de esto una realidad. Para mayor información sobre el particular, sírvase leer el Caso de Estudio No. 8: Formalizando la Minería Artesanal en FDN

Además de trabajar directamente con los operadores mismos, Kinross se ha comprometido con las comunidades locales para apoyar un acuerdo de entendimiento mutuo acerca de los efectos potenciales sobre las comunidades locales que el desarrollo del depósito de FDN tendrá sobre ellas en el futuro. Al trabajar en conjunto con las autoridades locales y las partes interesadas de manera que se apoye y alinee la cultura, el gobierno y las instituciones comunitarias hemos establecido relaciones de cooperación que han conllevado a mejoras en el acceso a la educación, creación de empleo y el desarrollo de oportunidades de negocios en áreas fuera del sector minero.
Compromisos con el Pueblo Indígena Shuar Durante el año 2009, firmamos un Acuerdo de Cooperación con la Federación Shuar de Zamora-Chinchipe. El mencionado acuerdo tiene como objetivo mejorar la calidad de vida de los pobladores de la región, incluyendo el fortalecimiento de la capacidad interna de los Pueblos Shuar, la inversión en proyectos de infraestructura para la comunidad y el desarrollo económico de la zona, apoyando, al mismo tiempo, la cultura tradicional y actividades deportivas.

Para mayor información, sírvase leer el Caso de Estudio No. 7: Trabajando con la Nacionalidad Shuar.

Maricunga, Chile

Partes Interesadas Relevantes: Las Comunidades Colla rurales y urbanas; la comunidad de Tierra Amarilla

El tráfico, el polvo y el ruido en el camino público de acceso a la mina Maricunga que cruza terrenos adyacentes a la Comunidad Colla de Río Jorquera Kinross y otras compañías mineras utilizan el camino público como acceso a sus minas en el área. Este camino cruza zonas de la Comunidad Colla de Río Jorquera y los asuntos relativos al tráfico, polvo y ruido son materia de constante preocupación. Durante los 18 meses pasados, Kinross ha realizado una significativa inversión en el control del polvo y en mejorar la seguridad vial en la porción del camino que lleva a la mina Maricunga. Estos trabajos se han realizado como parte del acuerdo con la Comunidad Colla Río Jorquera que fue firmado en 2012. Para las partes del camino, utilizadas por varias compañías mineras, se negoció un acuerdo mediante el cual las diferentes compañías mineras comprarían materiales para el control del polvo y la agencia correspondiente del gobierno se haría cargo de la mantención del camino. A pesar que las compañías compraron los materiales para el control del polvo, a la fecha la agencia gubernamental ha realizado tan solo pequeñas reparaciones.
Derechos de Propiedad de Tierras de la Comunidad Colla de Río Jorquera En respuesta a un estudio sobre impactos causados en terrenos de la Comunidad Río Jorquera, realizado por una compañía consultora independiente y que fue elegida de mutuo acuerdo entre la Comunidad y la compañía, Kinross ha propuesto una solución basada en una compensación monetaria e inversión en programas sociales y medio ambientales de largo plazo. La propuesta fue presentada a los líderes comunitarios en diciembre del 2011 y aun se está a la espera de una respuesta por parte de ellos.

Lobo Marte, Chile

Partes Interesadas Relevantes: Comunidades Indígenas locales; autoridades del Gobierno Regional.

Participación de las partes interesadas en el proceso de obtención de los permisos de operación En el año 2008, Chile ratificó la Convención ILO No. 169, comenzando a tener plena vigencia a partir de setiembre del 2009. La mencionada convención (ILO 169) estipula la responsabilidad de los gobiernos en consultar con las comunidades indígenas acerca de las decisiones que puedan afectar a las mismas. A pesar que esto no necesariamente implica un requisito directo para las compañías, Kinross se reunió con las comunidades indígenas vecinas para debatir el proyecto y crear un marco de referencia al cronograma del proceso de obtención de permisos. Sobre la base de esas reuniones, una comunidad (Pai-Ote) solicitó a Kinross que firmara un acuerdo de pre-consulta bajo el espíritu de ILO 169; las otras tres prefirieron diferir el asunto al procedimiento de consulta formal que se lleva a cabo dentro del proceso de obtención del permiso ambiental. Así mismo, como parte del proceso de obtención de información básica para el proyecto, Kinross trabajó con las comunidades para llevar a cabo un “estudio de mapeo étnico” para poder identificar las zonas de interés especial o histórico para las comunidades indígenas. Basado en esas consultas, Kinross ha diseñado el proyecto de tal manera que se evite impactar las áreas identificadas como “sensibles” por las comunidades indígenas. Cuando se inició el proceso gubernamental de consultas, se llevaron a cabo reuniones con las comunidades indígenas. Varias de estas comunidades han presentado sus comentarios y estos están siendo evaluados en las distintas fases de la revisión del permiso ambiental (ver Uso de los Caminos más abajo). A través de este proceso, que es continuo, se brinda a las comunidades indígenas la oportunidad de influir en aquellos aspectos del proyecto que podrían afectarlos.
Uso de Caminos Son dos las vías de acceso al sitio minero de Lobo-Marte. La ruta de La Puerta es más corta pero pasa por terrenos de Comunidades Colla. La ruta internacional implica una mayor distancia de manejo al sitio propuesto para la mina pero las condiciones del camino son más favorables. Ambas rutas son caminos de uso público. Durante el proceso del Estudio de Impacto Ambiental (EIA) se recibieron comentarios públicos expresando preocupación por los impactos que pudieran generarse por el uso del camino da “La Puerta”, incluyendo el polvo, así como posibles cambios en el estilo de vida de los pobladores. Como parte del estudio de factibilidad, el equipo del proyecto está revisando las alternativas de acceso a y desde Lobo-Marte.

Купол и Двойное, Россия

Основные заинтересованные стороны: местное население, коренные народы, федеральные и региональные органы государственной власти

Ключевые вопросыДостижения
Экономические выгоды. В первую очередь, обеспечение рабочими местами и обучение С учетом мнения основных заинтересованных сторон мы оказываем региону разноплановую финансовую помощь в сфере образования и социальной поддержки: вклад в развитие университетов и профтехучилищ, проведение лицензированных курсов профессионального обучения на Куполе, реализация социальных программ для местного населения через Фонд Купол. В 2011 году в качестве поддержки инвестиционной деятельности в России мы инициировали подготовку финансово-экономического исследования и рекомендаций для Правительства РФ по дальнейшему стимулированию привлечения иностранных инвестиций в горнодобывающую промышленность России. Больше информации можно найти, пройдя по ссылке: Пример 2: Привлечение инвестиций в горнодобывающую отрасль России